Indus Valley Civilization

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The civilization that existed near River Indus was gifted naturally by many arts and skills.It covered an area much larger than a country like Pakistan and had about more than 50000 inhabitants in that era.

River Indus was similar to River Euphrates, Tigris and Nile since it carried masses of water to the Arabian Sea through a dry but fertile plain and flooded frequently making the area more fertile .This motivated the framers to grow crops thus leading to a civilization.

  • The inhabitants of the Indus Valley were master craftsmen and produced bead work and ornaments, made up of precious stones and shells.
  • They could weave cotton and produce decorated pottery, statues of stones and metals, toys of wood and clay.
  • They were the best brick makers of the ancient times.
  • They grew cereals, vegetables, fruits of different kinds.
  • They traded with other nations like Sumerians and Egyptians.

The houses in the Indus Valley were quite large and well planned as compared to the Egyptians. In addition, the Egyptians were more religious however the Archaeologists have not found any certain evidence of religion regarding the Indus Valley people.

The writing specimens found in the Egypt and Babylon are understandable to the archaeologist to some extent however the writing specimen found in the Indus Valley is yet to be understood.

Steatite is a soft stone which was used to make seals in the Indus Civilization. It had pictures of animals such as bulls, elephants, tigers etc. Their purpose is not certain so it may have been used by the traders of Indus Valley since they have been found as far away as Mesopotamia.

 The time period (1750 - 1000 BC) is important in the history of Indus Valley because we have no evidence of what happened to the great cities during this period. It is said that some tragic thing happened in the cities which lead the inhabitants to oblivion.

By 1000 BC, the two cities had turned into just piles of uninhabited mud. It is said that the two cities were attacked by Aryans who came here in search of food. Another reason could be that people gradually left the cities because they were attacked by some natural disasters.

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