The 5 Main Stages in the History of Globalization
I have identified 4 stages of Globalization in the second edition of my book "Geography, Economics and Geography" as follows: Isolation, Resistance, Introspection and Acceptance. However, these 4 stages as stated above pertain to the process involved in the globalization of any aspect of our lives and not the temporal themes or the stages in the history of globalisation of these aspects. Although since immemorial times, the globalization of all aspects of our lives has been going on with all vigour yet one can easily infer dominant themes/aspects .The aforesaid aspects of our lives include mainly Social, Political, Cultural and Economic aspects.
Our history has witnessed following dominant themes or the stages of globalisation:
1.The Social Globalisation:
With the arrival of homosepians on this earth, the Social Globalization appears to have been the First dominant theme with the spread of our ancestors all over the globe.
2.The Political Globalisation:
The next dominant theme in our history seems to be the Political Globalisation with our ancestors having settled down in small rural and urban set-ups. The emergence of the community life prompted the establishments of small and big political entities which sought expansion across different parts of the globe. For example, Alexander the Great unwittingly attempted political globalisation by marching into the Indian subcontinent
3.The Cultural Globalization:
The Political Globalization was closely followed the primacy of the Cultural Globalisation in terms of diffusion over the whole world of new technologies/inventions and spread of cultural aspects like religions and languages,etc. For example, Islam/Christianity and the English language.
4.The Economic Globalization:
Since the industrial revolution of 1757, the Economic Globalization became the most dominant theme.Empires were established and wars fought mainly for economic gains rather than any political glorification despite seemingly political overtones/ideologies.
5.The Integrated Globalization:
The 21st century is likely to witness the emergence of Integrated Globalization whereby no single theme is likely to emerge on the top. In fact, the Globalisation of all aspects of our lives is likely to continue in an integrated manner with near equal importance to each.
The following flow chart shows aptly the stages in the history of the Globalization:
The Social Globalization ----- The Political globalization ----
The Cultural globalization ------ The Economic globalization ------- The Integrated globalization
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