Types of Water Filters

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Life cannot survive without water. However, water, which is a source of all lives, can also be a source of diseases when contaminated with microbes and toxic substances. It is therefore necessary to ensure that the water you are drinking is free from impurities and contaminants.

With the rising risk of water contamination, water filters have become indispensable for most homes. Different water filtering methods are applied to remove impurities and purify the water. Water filters commonly used in households use reverse osmosis, active carbon, cartridge filtration, ultraviolet sterilization, ceramic filters and ion exchange resins for eliminating contaminants.

Types of water filters

Reverse osmosis

Reverse osmosis based water filtration systems are highly versatile. It is a great choice for removing dissolved salts and bacteria from water. Although the tiny pores of the semi-permeable membrane of the filtration system are small enough to prevent majority of bacteria from passing through it, filtration defects, especially following prolonged use, may reduce the effectiveness of the water filter. Additional treatment is usually required to remove all traces of contaminants and microbes from water. Reverse osmosis based filtration system can be quite expensive. Its powerful filtration effect may also remove beneficial minerals from water.

Active carbon filters

Carbon is a powerful natural absorbent. By absorbing contaminants, it helps to purify water. Active carbon filters are suitable for removing chlorine and chemicals from water. Impregnation with silver enhances the ability of active carbon filters to remove bacteria from water. Usually active carbon filters are combined with other filtration techniques to improve the purity of water.

UV Sterilization

Ultraviolet (UV) sterilization is the most effective method of purifying water contaminated with bacteria and microbes. By destroying the bacteria, viruses, protozoa and parasites present in the water, it makes water suitable for drinking.

Ion exchange resins

Ion exchange resins are usually combined with other water purification processes. It is applied at the end stage of water filtration for "polishing" the water to make it as good as pure water. The anion and cation columns in the filtration can be reused with acid and alkaline wash.

Ceramic filters

Ceramic filters integrated in water filtration systems remove suspended particles and bacteria from water. They come with tiny pore sizes, usually less than 0.22 micrometers. To enhance the filtration process, active carbon is integrated in ceramic filters. However, ceramic filters work slowly, filtering only a few liters of water daily. They can be cleaned and reused, and are therefore considered a cheaper option for purifying water.

Get more information on www.clear-tech.co.uk and for Salt Free Tap Water Filter visit website.

Read my blogs at http://gilbertjames.blogs.jcsearch.com/16986

 

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