Acne–What It Is And Why It Occurs

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Acne is an irritating, inconvenient, embarrassing, and sometimes painful, skin condition that afflicts many people of both the sexes, and which marks its appearance during the early years around puberty. Found commonly in the adolescent population, these minor inflammations of the glands in the skin lead to rashes or small boils, especially in the face and the neck region.

What starts in the age group of 12 or 14 to 19 goes away and disappears as adolescents turn into adults, past their 20's or grow a bit older. However, acne is seen to linger on in a few cases of people well into their 40's, where the problem of acne becomes a persistent trouble.

Acne is most commonly found in the areas of skin in faces around blackheads and scaly skin, and it features pimples, papules and sometimes, with scarring. Acne formation is found to be acute in those areas of the skin which have densely populated sebaceous follicles, and hence have high levels of sebum secretion.

And it is the male sex hormone, the testosterone, which is found in both males and females, triggering the secretion from the sebaceous glands, resulting in acne. While acne is best left alone without being scratched, any scratching or bruising leads to the situation getting worsened, as when finger nails get in touch with the boils and the acne turn into infections.

While the typical stereotyping could attribute acne to lack of personal hygiene, it is definitely not so, as the causes of acne formation have a lot to do with the presence of naturally occurring bacteria on the skin surface, along with the secretion from sebaceous glands, triggered by the sex hormones. Propionibacterium acnes are slow growing bacteria found on the skin surface, which secrete enzymes that have had a degenerative effect on the skin. Further, these bacteria found on the skin surface also thrive on the dead skin cells.

The irritation that this causes leads to inflammation of the skin along the hair follicles, forming red spots, called pustules, on the skin. And it is this inflammation that goes on to turn into acne. However, though acne is a naturally occurring phenomenon, there are measures available to control acne and minimise the activity of the bacteria, thus leading to clear skin. All it takes is some consideration towards the problem of acne and a few simple measures involving natural ingredients to ensure that your acne problem is long gone and you are left with a clear and radiant face.

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